Each Doxaerie model sculpture is one off and each subject is usually built
using somewhat different techniques and materials depending on design needs,
historic reflections and aesthetic considerations. The result is that both the
model maker and the viewer might approach the subject in ways perhaps not
The following is a record of the construction process used for building the
1/16 scale Hurricane of Canadian ace Willie McKnight. The model is predominately
mahogany and birch veneers over a core of solid balsa with other types of
veneers and some solid mahogany, birch, walnut and ebony.
balsa block for the fuselage has been band sawed to shape. Arthur Bentley plans
scaled up to 1/16 were used. Fuselage and wing outlines and sections were
applied to cardboard, cut out and used for patterns.
fuselage and wing carved to shape and attached.
mahogany and birch blocks have been glued together and band sawed to shape for
the nose block and horizontal tail surfaces. The vertical fin and rudder are
fin flash inlay consists of 1/28" red and blue dyed veneer and holly veneer. The
vertical fin and rudder have been shaped, then relieved to accept the fin flash
that is glued to craft paper and laid into the relieved area as a whole. Rudder
outline has been carved in.
and horizontal tail surfaces have been attached to the balsa fuselage, and
veneering begun. Upper fuselage veneer is 1/56" paper backed mahogany veneer and
is glued to the model along panel lines and color separation lines. Fuselage
band is birch veneer.
has continued forward on the fuselage and one of the balsa fillet blocks has
been glued into place.
outward on the wings. Insignia, cut from 1/28 blue and red dyed veneer, being
insignia has been cut out of colored veneers, glued to craft paper, then tack
glued to correct position on fuselage. The insignia area is cut around by sharp
knife, then all the veneer removed. Then the insignia is glued back into
veneer work. Note that the port wing has black dyed veneer applied.
tips are solid wood, the port tip is mahogany and ebony, the starboard (being
attached) is mahogany and birch.
block has been attached and partially carved. Wheel wells roughed out in the
block carved to shape, ready to accept wing fillets.
wing fillet block cut to fit into opening in wing and snug to the fuselage.
wing fillet attached and carved to shape.
wing fillets, top and bottom completed.
fin carved and attached. Note that bottom birch veneer is now also in place.
squadron codes in a dyed veneer are cut out using paper patterns then glued to
patterns are taped to the proper places on fuselage, then outlines marked in
paper pattern is removed, the veneer letter tack glued to the marked spot.
veneer letter is cut out with a knife, then the mahogany veneer removed from the
the veneer letter then glued into the recess.
pipes, one band sawed out, the other carved to shape.
pipes on the model.
of the whole aircraft at this stage with canopy temporarily fitted.
birch spinner with walnut propeller blade blocks.
and oil cooler intake scoop, half birch, half ebony.
Officer Willie McKnight’s personal insignia is burned into the mahogany veneer
and later filled in with an acrylic wash.
bottom area showing wheel wells lined with mahogany veneer, birch main gear
struts, rubber tires and other detail including carburetor air and radiator/oil
cockpit canopy with 1/56 paper backed mahogany veneer frames.
framework on canopy.
water based walnut stain camouflage pattern has been added to the upper surfaces
of the model. Walnut propeller blades have an ebony stain applied while the tips
have been bleached.
view of the model with stains including those within the figure of Hitler being
kicked by the boot of 242 Squadron. Note the white acrylic wash applied to the
model received a number of coats of clear lacquer, then the aft fuselage was
taped off and two more coats of clear lacquer applied to simulate the fabric
covering of that area.
up of the completed model’s cockpit area showing the skeleton personal marking.
The markings on each side of the fuselage were not exactly the same.
up of the 242 Squadron insignia, the 242 boot kicking Hitler. This had a burned
outline on the model with blue, red and yellow stains and white acrylic applied.
views of the completed Hurricane model.